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[传统文化·节气]小寒大寒 冷成冰团(图文)

欧阳永志 综合整理 2014年01月05日 报道 浏览次数:

       

       

 

  今日小寒。小寒是第二十三个节气,在15-7日之间,太阳位于黄经285幸运28网站°。对于中国而言,小寒标志着开始进入一年中最寒冷的日子。根据中国的气象资料,小寒是气温是最低的的节气,只有少数年份的大寒气温低于小寒的,因而民间有“小寒大寒,冷成冰团”的说法。

  ◆由来

  每年15日或6日太阳到达黄经285幸运28网站°时为小寒,它与大寒、小暑、大暑及处暑一样,都是表示气温冷暖变化的节气。《月令七十二候集解》: “十二月节,月初寒尚小,故云。月半则大矣。”小寒的意思是天气已经很冷,我国大部分地区小寒和大寒期间一般都是最冷的时期,“小寒”一到,就进入“出门冰上走”的三九天了。

幸运28网站  woguogudaijiangxiaohanfenweisanhou: “yihouyanbeixiang,erhouqueshichao,sanhouzhishiqu”,gurenrenweihouniaozhongdayanshishunyinyangerqianyi,cishiyangqiyidong,suoyidayankaishixiangbeiqianyi;cishibeifangdaochukejiandaoxique,bingqieganjuedaoyangqierkaishizhuchao;disanhou“zhiqu”de“qu”weimingjiaodeyisi,zhizaijiejinsijiushihuiganyangqideshengzhangermingjiao。

  ◆习俗

  南京: 吃菜饭

  gushi,nanjingrenduixiaohanpozhongshi,dansuizheshidaibianqian,xianyijianjiandanhua,rujinrenmenzhinengcongshenghuozhongxunzhaochudiandianhenji。

幸运28网站  daolexiaohan,laonanjingyibanhuizhucaifanchi,caifandeneirongbingbuxiangtong,youyongaijiaohuangqingcaiyuxianroupian、xiangchangpianhuoshibanyading,zaiduoshangyixieshengjiangliyunuomiyiqizhude,shifenxiangxiankekou。qizhongaijiaohuang、xiangchang、banyadoushinanjingdezhumingtechan,keweishizhenzhengde“nanjingcaifan”,shenzhikeyulabazhouxiangpimei。

  zheigeshihouyeshilaozhongyihezhongyaofangzuimangdeshihou,yibanrudongshiaozhidegaofangdouchidechabuduole。daolecishi,youderenjiahuizaiaozhiyidian,chidaochunjieqianhou。juminrichangyinshiyepianzhongyunuanxingshiwu,ruyangrou、gourou,qizhongyouyiyangroutangzuiweichangjian,youdecanguanhaituichudangguishengjiangyangroutang,yixiechuantongdedonglingyangroucaiyaozhongxiancanzhuo,zaixianlenanjinghandongshisu。

  nanjingrenzaixiaohanjijieliyouyitaodiyutesedetiyuduanlianfangshi,rutiaosheng、tijianzi、guntiehuan,jiyouzhazha(kaozheqiangbixianghuji)、douji(panqiyijiao,yijiaoduli,xianghuduidou)deng。ruguoyudaoxiaxue,zegengshihuanhuqueyue,daxuezhang、duixueren,henkuaijiuhuiquanshennuanhe,xuemaitongchang。

  广东: 吃糯米饭

  广州传统,小寒早上吃糯米饭,为避免太糯,一般是60%糯米40%香米,把腊肉和腊肠切碎,炒熟,花生米炒熟,加一些碎葱白,拌在饭里面吃。

幸运28网站  guangdongrenhenjiangjiushiliao。xiaohanyinchulongdong,tuqiwang,shenqiruo,yinci,yinshifangmianyijianganzengku,buxinzhufei,diaolishenzang。

  ◆养生

  zhongyirenweihanweiyinxie,zuihanlengdejieqiyeshiyinxiezuishengdeshi qi,congyinshiyangshengdejiaodujiang,yaotebiezhuyizairichangyinshizhongduoshiyongyixiewenreshiwuyibuyishenti,fangyuhanlengqihouduirentideqinxi。richangshiwuzhongshuyurexingdeshiwuzhuyaoyouzunyu、lajiao、rougui、huajiaodeng;shuyuwenxingdeshiwuyounuomi、gaoliangmi、daodou、jiucai、huixiang、xiangcai、jicai、lusun、jiecai、nangua、shengjiang、cong、dasuan、xingzi、taozi、dazao、guiyuan、lizhi、mugua、yingtao、shiliu、wumei、xiangchuan、foshou、lizi、hetaoren、xingren、yangrou、zhugan、zhudu、huotui、gourou、jirou、yangru、edan、shanyu、yongyu、lianyu、xia、haican、dancai、han、jiudeng。tebieyaotichudeshi,xiaohanshijiezhengshichimalahuoguo、hongmenyangroudehaoshijie。

  minyanyue: “dongtiandongyidong,shaonaoyichangbing;dongdaolanyilan,duoheyaoyiwan。”zheishuomingledongjiduanliandezhongyaoxing。zaizheiganlengderizili,yiduojinxinghuwaideyundong,ruchenzaodemanpao、tiaosheng、tijiandeng。haiyaozaijingshenshangyijingshenshaolv、changdaleguan,buweisuoshilaoshen,xintaipinghe,zengtianlequ。zaicijieqili,huanxinzangbinghegaoxueyabingderenwangwanghuibingqingjiazhong,huan“zhongfeng”zhezengduo。zhongyirenwei,rentineidexueye,dewenzeyiyuliudong,dehanjiurongyitingzhi,suowei“xueyuhanzening”,shuodejiushizheigedaoli。suoyibaonuangongzuoyidingyaozuohao,youqishilaonianren。

责任编辑: 欧阳永志
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标签: 小寒 南京 羊肉 食物 节气 糯米 一般 大寒 一些 菜饭 饮食
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